Nevada County was formed on March 20, 1871, from parts of Columbia, Hempstead and Quachita counties. Its name comes from the similarity of its shape to the state of Nevada, only the pronunciation is different. The county seat is Prescott. The landscape of Nevada County is rolling hills, largely forested. Nevada County's timber industry is its main economy source with poultry and outdoor sports contributing their share. The county has an abundance of wildlife consisteg of deer, squirrel, dove, and turkey along with camping, which makes it poplar, not only with the local citizens but wiith visitors as well. White Oak Lake, and White Oak State Park features excellent fishing, hiking trails, and sites for camping and picnicking.
The present courthouse that was built in 1964 has several flower gardens maintained by the county's Master Gardeners that ornament the lawn. A large clock from the old Bank Of Prescott stands on a red brick base on the courthouse grounds near a white limestone war memorial. A new veteran memorial has been added at the front left of the courthouse. The Nevada County Depot Musem is located in Prescott in the old Missouri-Pacific train depot that is considered to be a classic example of early 20th century railroad architecture.